In complete archive
Oral history.; Interview with Willie T. Allen conducted on Ferbuary 18, 2008. Willie T. Allen was born in southwest Grenada County in 1930. Allen graduated from high school in 1951 and served 2 years in the United States Army in clerical service. After returning in 1953, Allen finished his college education at Jackson State University in 1956. He then returned to Grenada to take up a teaching position in Holcomb. Topics discussed include: family, education, discrimination in education, registering to vote, Ku Klux Klan intimidation, demonstrations and boycotts.
18 February 2008
Oral history.; Interview with T. B. Bankston recorded on October 16, 1999. T. B. Bankston was born in October, 1917 and grew up sharecropping at Duck Hill, near Tupelo, Mississippi. Topics discussed include: traditional medicine, childhood memories, cooking, scrapping cotton, Ku Klux Klan violence, and racism.
16 October 1999
Oral history.; Interview with Reverend Johnny Barbour and Clara M. Barbour recorded on January 25, 1999. Reverend Johnny Barbour was pastor at Alan Chapel A.M.E. Church in Meridian, Mississippi in 1967. Both he and Clara Barbour were active in the civil rights movement, working with the NAACP as coordinator for voter registration and education. Topics discussed include: demonstrations, segregation in public accommodations, registering to vote, Ku Klux Klan intimidation, cooperation with segments of the white population of Meridian.
25 January 1999
Oral history.; Interview conducted on October 22, 1996 with Mrs. Josephine Clemons Bell (born 1909). Mrs. Josephine Clemons Bell's teaching career in elementary education in the public schools of Natchez-Adams County spans twenty-nine and a half years. After retiring from teaching in 1974, she became increasingly involved in politics and community affairs. She served on the Adams County Democratic Executive Committee and the Federation of Democratic Women's Organization, where she was president for twelve years. She was a member of the Mississippi Teachers Association (MTA), National Education Association (NEA), among others.
22 October 1996
Oral history.; Interview conducted on May 2, 1995 with Miss Gladys Austin (born 1927). Miss Austin was born April 1, 1927 in Laurel, Mississippi. She graduated from Oak Park High School, received a B.S. degree from Tennessee A & I College (now Tennessee State University), and an M.S. from Northern Arizona University. She retired in 1990 after 40 years as a science teacher. She has been inducted into the Jones County Chamber of Commerce Leadership Hall of Fame in 1992. She was the second African American and the only African American female to receive this award and was recognized in Who's Who among America's Teachers, first edition 1990.
02 May 1995
Oral history.; Robert Beech was born in 1935 in Madison, Wisconsin. When he was a small child, his family moved to St. Paul, Minnesota, and this is where he spent most of his early life. Beech discusses the Chinese history within his family, particularly his grandfather's role in founding West China Union University. Beech initially attended Carleton College, where he met his wife. He finished his degree at the University of Minnesota. Beech first heard about the need for volunteers in Mississippi when working in a Presbyterian School in Chicago. In April 1964, he traveled to Mississippi alone, and he was put in jail for "littering," as he passed out leaflets. After returning to Minnesota a week later, Beech decided that he would return to Mississippi for a longer period of time with his wife. He was soon hired by a church in Hattiesburg and continued his involvement with the civil rights movement.
05 June 1999
Oral history.; Interview with Walter Bruce conducted on October 9, 1999. Walter Bruce was born on May 30, 1928, in Durant, Mississippi, in Holmes County. His mother was Georgia Powell Bruce, and his father was Walter Bruce Sr. During Mr. Bruce's childhood, his family sharecropped on a plantation. Mr. Bruce was in the Army for two years. As a civilian, his profession is carpentry. In early 1964, Mr. Bruce became a civil rights advocate, joining in at the Second Pilgrim Rest community, eventually becoming the chair of the Holmes County Freedom Democratic Party. For the past forty-one years, Mr. Bruce has been performing with the gospel group, the Soul Travelers. For the past thirty-plus years, Mr. Bruce has been on the MACE (Mississippi Action for Community Education) board.
09 October 1999
Oral history.; Interview conducted on November 11, 1995 with Curtis C. Bryant. Curtis C. Bryant was born in Walthall County, Mississippi in 1917. He worked for the railroad from 1940 to 1979, during which time he was an active member of the railroad union. In 1961, Mr. Bryant and Bob Moses were instrumental in starting the voter registration drive in Mississippi. Bryant was active in the NAACP and the Democratic Party. In retaliation for his civil rights advocacy, Mr. Bryant's barber shop was bombed.
11 November 1995
Oral history.; Interview with Otha Burton conducted on July 9, 1999. Otha Burton was born in Vicksburg, Mississippi in 1950. He received his B.A. and M.A.T. degrees from Jackson State University, and a Ph.D. from Mississippi State in 1997. He took part in civil rights activism in Vicksburg to press for integration of schools and businesses. He discusses race relations in Vicksburg in the twentieth century and the impact of the Civil Rights Movement on the city. He includes Vicksburg's Freedom Summer, the role of leaders, like Eddie McBride and Medgar Evers, and the importance of the Vicksburg Citizens' Appeal.
09 July 1999
Oral History.; Interview with John E. Cameron conducted on January 26, 1999. John E. Cameron was born in 1932 in Hattiesburg, Mississippi. He earned a B.S. degree at Rust College in Holly Springs, Mississippi. He then attended the American Baptist Theological Seminary in Nashville, Tennessee from 1952 to 1956. Cameron served as pastor in Meridian, Laurel, Hattiesburg, and spent 29 years serving at Greater Mount Calvary Baptist Church in Jackson, Mississippi.
26 January 1999
Oral history.; Interview conducted on March 15, 1994 with Bennie Gooden. As one of the founding members of the Southern Education Recreation Association (SERA), Mr. Gooden wrote the grant proposal to fund Coahoma County's first Head Start program in 1964. He then served as project director for Head Start. Later, he expanded his efforts to aid adults by helping establish Coahoma Opportunities, Inc., the county's first community action agency.
15 March 1994
Oral history.; Duncan Montgomery Gray Jr. attended high school in Greenwood and Jackson, Mississippi, and graduated from Central High, Jackson, in 1944. He earned an electrical engineering degree at Tulane University, in New Orleans, Louisiana, in 1948 and received a commission in the U.S. Navy that same year. He worked for two years for the Westinghouse Corporation before entering seminary at the University of the South, Sewanee, Tennessee, where he earned his M.Div. degree in 1953. In 1972, he was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Divinity degree by the University of the South. After being ordained deacon in April, 1953, and priest in October, 1953, by his father, Bishop Duncan M. Gray of the Episcopal Diocese of Mississippi, he served in numerous leadership positions in the Episcopal Church. Bishop Gray has also been active in many civic and community affairs, both locally and statewide.
16 April 1999
Oral history.; Interview with Estell Harvey conducted on March 4, 2000. Sally Louie (Estell) Harvey was born in 1946 in Howell, Mississippi near Lexington. She grew up working on the family farm with her parents and siblings. Her parents participated in mass meetings to organize voter registration. She spent 33 years in Chicago before returning to Mississippi..
04 March 2000
Oral history.; Interview with Julia Rodgers Holmes conducted on May 26, 2000. Julia Rodgers Holmes was born in Meridian, Mississippi in 1950 and grew up in Pascagoula. A librarian, she has worked to promote black history programs in her library and community. Topics discussed include: segregated schools; racism; Pascagoula Freedom School; Emmett Till; Brown v. Board of Education; voter registration; Boy Scouts; segregation; Freedom Summer; integrated schools; and the NAACP.
26 May 2000
Oral history.; Interview with Johnnie Faye Inge conducted on November 28, 1998. Johnnie Faye Inge was born in Laurel, Mississippi on July 14, 1948. She was one of the first African American students to integrate the previously all-white Meridian High School in 1965. She attended Meridian Community College for two years and was then hired by Citizens National Bank as their first black employee. Inge continued her education in Dallas, Texas at Bishop College (later named Paul Quinn College). After graduation, she attended Southern Methodist University in Dallas where she studied journalism and received an internship at the Dallas Morning News. Inge worked in radio and television for a number of years in Meridian. She later attended Mississippi State University where she received her teaching certificate and M.A. degree. She has served on several boards including the NAACP, the Lauderdale County Keep America Beautiful Commission, and the Lauderdale County Chapter of the American Cancer Society. She presently teaches English at Marion Park School in Meridian.
28 November 1998
Oral history; Interview with Laura Inge Love conducted on November 28, 1998. Laura May Holloway Inge Love was born in Meridian, Mississippi in 1920. She attended Meridian Public Schools and recieved a scholarship to Wiley College in Marshall, Texas. She also attended Jackson State College. For two years she taught school. She married Reverend Clinton Owen Inge in June, 1941. Inge Love taught private piano lessons for more than fifty years.
01 December 1998
Oral history.; Interview conducted on April 7, 2009 with George Jackson Sr. George Jackson, Sr. is from Jackson, Mississippi. He became a singer at a young age and sang to pay his way through college and a master's degree in education from Jackson College (now Jackson State University). Through his marriage, he became connected to Leake County and the Harmony community. Harmony was a historic black community that had created and supported its own school. In 1961, the county closed down Harmony High School to bus the students to Warner Grove High School across town. The community protested and insisted if their school was going to be closed, then the students would go to the local white school, Carthage High School. The Leake County chapter of the NAACP was organized in the Jackson family residence. The NAACP sued for integration. The integration of Carthage High School is the first court-mandated school integration in the state of Mississippi. The Harmony community also served as a base for members of CORE during the voter registration movement in the summer of 1964. George Jackson spent his later years working in the Jackson Public School system. He served for years running a GED program designed to provide students with trade skills as well as prepare them for higher education. Recently George Jackson Sr. has been working at Lanier High School running the Algebra Project. This project is a new approach to teaching algebra to high school students based on real life applications.
07 April 2009
Oral history.; Georgia Clark was born in Durant, Mississippi in Holmes County in 1923. She grew up on on the Harvey Bristol plantation where her father was a sharecropper. Clark attended school up to eighth grade and married at the age of 16. She began doing domestic work after the birth of her first child. In 1963 she began to hear about the civil rights movement and workers asked Clark if she would like to register to vote. In 1976 Clark ran successfully for election commissioner in district two of Holmes County.
07 October 1999